The Origin of Space and Time by Design, not by Formula.

http://vixra.org/author/leo_vuyk
https://www.flickr.com/photos_user.gne?path=&nsid=93308747%40N05&page=&details=1

If the big bang was the splitting of a huge Axion/ Higgs particle knotty Dark Matter Black Hole (DM- BH) nucleus into smaller DM-BH nuclei, then no standard Fermion/ Baryon inflation has happened only the DM-BH based Lyman alpha forest equipped with local Herbig Haro star/galaxy creating systems.

All black holes of all sizes (down to ball lightning) seem to be equipped with a Fermion repelling- and plasma producing horizon, which has also a charge splitting effect into a negative (outside) and positive ( inside) zone ( see orientale basin of the moon) .

Wednesday, March 15, 2006

Small Gravity and GR anomalies and Test Proposals





GR ( general relativity) anomalies
A remarkable Paper on relativity in 2009 by Reginald Cahill. (Flinders univ. au.) also suggesting that the Ether should have dynamical qualities ( dubbed: dynamical 3-SPACE) which can explain the small anomalies of relativity rules. This paper seems to be just IN LINE with the LASOF (Local Anti-Symmetrical Oscillating vacuum Frame) described on these pages.
It is called: Combining NASA/JPL One-Way Optical-Fiber Light-Speed
Data with Spacecraft Earth-Flyby Doppler-Shift Data to
Characterise 3-Space Flow
Reginald T. Cahill
http://arxiv.org/abs/0906.5404


In recent years it has become clear, from numerous experiments and observations, that a dynamical 3-space exists [1, 2]. This dynamical system gives a deeper explanation for various observed effects that, until now, have been successfully described, but not explained, by the Special Relativity (SR) and General Relativity (GR) formalisms. However it also offers an explanation for other observed effects not described by SR or GR, such as observed light speed anisotropy, bore hole gravity anomalies, black hole mass spectrum and spiral galaxy rotation curves and an expanding universe without dark matter or dark energy

http://arxiv.org/PS_cache/arxiv/pdf/0906/0906.5404v2.pdf
NOW I PRESENT HERE MY OWN APPROACH.


Gravity related light speed= mass related lightspeed.
It is well known that the sun has its own lightspeed related reference frame. All space probes have clocks which are calibrated for the probe speed relative to the solar reference frame and not related to the Earth's reference frame!!
Conclusion we have to measure at what distance from the earth the lightspeed changes its reference frame to that of the reference frame of the sun.
So we have to know what the minor and major axis of the ellipsoidal reference frame (called LASOF) around the earth is.
Below we estimate this minor axis to be 5450 km above the earth's surface, only for directions with small angles to the earth's surface.








How to teach SR by J.Bell.



How, to teach special relativity.


This is a clear example of how mainstream physics differ from logic relativity thinking.
According to mainstream physics the thin thread between the rockets will not break because the thread with the two rockets will not change length measured by their own rulers!!
Quotation of John S. Bell; See; J.S.Bell’s book "Speakable and unspeakable in quantum mechanics."( paperback page 67, how to teach special relativity)



"I have for long thought that if I had the opportunity to teach thissubject, I would emphasize the continuity with earlier ideas. Usually it is the discontinuity which is stressed, the radical breakwith more primitive notions of space and time. Often the result is to destroy completely the confidence of the student in perfectly sound and useful concepts already acquired'.If you doubt this, then you might try the experiment of confronting your students with the following situation. Three small spaceships,A, B, and C, drift freely in a region of space remote from other matter, without rotation and without relative motion, with B and C equidistant from A.


On reception of a signal from A the motors of B and C are ignited and they accelerate gently'. Let ships B and C be identical, and have identical acceleration programmes.


Then (as reckoned by an observer in A) they will have at every moment the same velocity, and so remain displaced one from theother by a fixed distance. Suppose that a .fragile thread is tied initially between projections from B and C. If it is just long enough to span the required distance initially, then as the rockets speed up, it will become too short, because of its need to Fitzgerald contract, and must finally break, It must break when, at a sufficiently high velocity, the artificial prevention of the natural contraction imposes intolerable stress."


I think Bell is right in his logic, also and in addition because the rockets itselfwill contract in length, which makes the mutual distance for the thread longer to span.

Examples of gravity lensing sunspots
There is something Knotty in the Helix nebula.
KNOTTY dark matter sources of the Helix nebula represent the former “sunspots” of the former star, they seem to be less able to get in motion by the explosion of the star than normal atomic material. This is in line with the new black hole model. It is even suggested that these knotty micro black hole “sunspots” have a gas producing feature.

Changing sunspot distribution is assumed to be the origin of different forms of Solar gravitational lensing, found in different experiments.

Solar-Moon eclipse anomaly solution, based on Solar dark HIGGS energy lensing.
Gravity seems to be the result of the absorption of vacuum Higgs oscillations (dubbed dark energy) by Fermions, in line with the Casimir force. Consequently gravity seems to be a large scale Casimir force, giving fermions even their so called "eigen energy".




Solar-Moon eclipse anomaly solution, based on Solar dark energy lensing.

Proposal for a Solar gravity (dark energy) lensing effect, as the origin of the Solar eclipse anomaly found by Wang and Yang et all. 9 March 1997 (at Moho, China). The experiment showed a clear gravity decrease (a double dip) before and after the total eclipse (see location A). The mass of the Moon is supposed to "SCREEN" only the Solar lensing effect. As a consequence, Higgs impulse energy (dark energy) can only transform by mass into Graviton impulse energy and not backwards.

As a second consequence, it is assumed that the Sun Spots should be adopted as microlensing micro-black holes, as proposed earlier by the author. These micro black holes are thought to be visible as small dots in the Helix Planetary Nebula interior (see Hubble gallery).
Sun spots are supposed to be the remnants of former Comets.
At the same time, this quantum gravity solution is a support for other well known “tilt”and “pendula” eclipse effects.

See ABOVE.

This solution proposal is also based on the existence of a variable so called pushing gravity impulse vector HEDGEHOG field ( short IVH or impulse gravity hedgehog) active as an vacuum source of “eigen-energy” active around each Fermion and responsible for all motion and spin. See also :
http://bigbang-entanglement.blogspot.com/

The eclipse experiment description mentioned above are available in two magazines see below:
X.-S. Yang and Q.S. Wang, Gravity anomaly during the Mohe total solar eclipse and
new constraint on gravitational shielding parameter, Astrophys. Space Sci. 282
(2002) 245.
Q.-S. Wang, X.-S.Yang, C.-Z. Wu, H.-G. Guo, H.-C. Liu and C.-C. Hua, Precise
measurement of gravity variations during a total solar eclipse, Phys. Rev. D 62
(2000) 041101.


Existence of gravity lensing elements (micro-black holes) inside the Sun, Moon and the Earth.
My former explanation for the "double gravity dip" before and after solar eclipse measured by Wang and Yang in 1997
see: http://bigbang-entanglement.blogspot.com/2006/03/how-small-anomalies-could-influence.html
is reason to explore the eclipse results made by others in the past. As a result I conclude that not only the sun harbours gravity lensing objects inside, but also the moon and perhaps even the earth.

My "double gravity dip" explanation was based on the assumption that Sunspots are gravity lensing micro black holes.
If we assume that the vacuum generates a (oscillating Higgs) pressure gravity from outside the earth and the earth is able to decrease this energy by changing Higgs particles into ( less energetic) gravitons then, then we have a global idea about the principle of quantum gravity based on boson scattering with fermions.
As a result I proposed that sunspots are micro black holes which are able to concentrate the Higgs vacuum gravity energy in the shape of dual bundles. The passage of the moon as a screening object of these dual pushing gravity bundles gave a direct logic explanation.

However it is strange that I could find only one experiment with a similar dual gravity decrease effect. It was only T. Kuusela who found a comparable result with two gravity peaks before and after the full eclipse of 1991 in Mexico.
However, these dual gravity decreasing peaks had a different character than the peaks measured by Wang and Yang in 1997.
Of interest is here the difference of 6 years, which is about the difference between Maximum and Minimum Sunspot activity!! The year 1991 is close to a maximum and 1997 is close to a minimum of sunspot activity.
My hypothesis is, that at sunspot minimum, the sunspots are located close to each other in the form of a disc inside the sun and at sunspot maximum they are more spread out sometimes hitting the surface of the sun.
As a logical result, the gravity lensing effect will have different shaped bundle profiles.
In the minimum sunspot activity period ( 1997 Wang and Yang) there are supposed to be two large bundles as described in my article http://bigbang-entanglement.blogspot.com/2006/03/how-small-anomalies-could-influence.html
In the maximum sunspot activity period, these bundles are supposed to be spread out with incidental pencil like lensing effects due to the cooperation of two incidental aligning sunspots.
This should be the explanation for the two pencil like "double gravity dip" effects measured by T. Kuusela in 1991.
However, the short time these effects happened does indicate that ALSO THE MOON SHOULD HARBOUR ONE OR MORE gravity lensing elements like SUNSPOTS!!
As is stated before, my assumption is that sunspots are the former nuclei Comets once smashed into the sun.
As a consequence, we may assume that also the moon and the earth harbour sunspot alike ( Fermion friendly) micro black holes.
A second support for this hypothesis of interacting micro black holes, is based on the measurements of Tom Kuusela done in march 29 2006.
In this report we find the evidence for an east west variation of the tilt meter, which is only measured inside the centre of the moon sun eclipse line.
One tilt meter placed 60 km outside this propagation line did not react at all.
A third support is that 20 -24 hour before the eclipse T. Kuusela measured similar deviations ("we observed similar type of changes in one of the measurement locations also 20–24 hours before and after the eclipse") . http://users.utu.fi/kuusela/gravity/Report.pdf
I interprete this effect as a support for my proposal that two sunspots if they are in line, are able to give an effect, which does introduce the possibility of pencil alike lensing effects, if two solar sunspots and one lensing black hole of the moon are in line. See:

The hypothesis of Fermion friendly (Fermion repelling) black holes is one of the key elements of my new physics theory, see: http://bigbang-entanglement.blogspot.com/

This NEW black hole model is even the base for my explanation of the so called pioneer anomaly. See:
http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_ArDoWzECXSo/Reb9IJHVbCI/AAAAAAAAAEc/PuvylOrUcyE/s1600-h/SOLAR+SABHs+1.jpg
As a consequence there seem to be not only stellar anchor black holes but even Galaxy anchor black holes, the base for galaxy form and ( quick) formation.

A possible indication for the influence of SOLAR anchor black holes, could be found in the next article about the evidence that the gravitational constant varies
with orientation.

Experimental evidence that the gravitational constant varies
with orientation.
by Mikhail L. Gershteyn∗†, Lev I. Gershteyn†, Arkady Gershteyn†, Oleg V. Karagioz‡
http://arxiv.org/ftp/physics/papers/0202/0202058.pdf



some extra details of the former Lightspeed anomalies.


GPS signal outliers measured in 2003 ( see below) are the origin to calculate the minor LASOF axis on 11821 km.

Massive outliers of 180 meters are measured in 2003.(below)


Measured by


Bae, Tae-Suk, Near Real-Time Precise Orbit Determination of Low Earth Orbit Satellites Using an Optimal GPS Triple-Differencing Technique, viii+121 pp., November 2006
http://www.geology.osu.edu/~jekeli.1/OSUReports/reports/report_481.pdf
see also:
http://geodeticscience.osu.edu/OSUReports.htm



A clear example of GPS signal failures for the CHAMP Low Earth Orbiters at 430 km altitude, is one of the reasons that so called Kinematic Precise Orbit Determination (POD) by GPS readings is very complicated. Several other ground based systems and complex computer programs are needed to compensate these errors.
However, if the LASOF idea about gravity (or Mass) related lightspeed is incorporated in the GPS readings, then these errors are supposed to vanish for a great deal.


"Short Period Quasi-Regular Oscillations" of Venus and Mercury of about 30 days, are described by I.I Shapiro in Radar Astronomy 1968, page 170-172. see at the and of this file.


This Binary Star system (see below) seems to be -just like Mercury and Venus- "ahead" before conjunction and "further away" after.
Examples of QPOs (Quasi Periodic Oscillations) or Orbital Periodicities of Binaries are supposed to be examples of gravity influenced LASOF lightspeed anomalies just like Venus and Mercury. see below: ( H.Lehmann, Binary RZ-cas. and P.G.Ostrov, Binary HV 2543).

Globular and Cigar shaped LASOFs.
There seems to be two different shaped LASOF ( local anti-symmetrical oscillating vacuum frame) lightspeed extinction envelopes, for A: Earth bound light sources and for B: Satellite- or space based light sources.
Based on Radar reflection data of Venus and Mercury done by I.I Shapiro, I concluded, that for Earth bound light sources, the LASOF extinction envelope around the Earth, seem to be globular with a diameter of 70 million km. see: http://bigbang-entanglement.blogspot.com/2006/02/gravity-dependent-lightspeed.html

Based on sparse Formosat- Champ- Topex satellite data in combination with the small anomalies measured by G.Miller and Y.Galaev, I suggest, that for space based light sources, the LASOF envelope seems to be ellipsoidal (or cigar shaped), with the major axis coinciding to the Earth-Satellite axis of the same length and an unknown minor axis.
Future satellite-GPS distance reading variations should give information about the minor axis of the cigar shaped LASOF envelope. (see before and below).




my proposal for the Planetary (Earth) gravitational drag of the Lightspeed has a realistic base, as mentioned below, then all GPS signal readings taken by other satellites should account for such an effect.

Improvement of onboard GPS readings for precise orbit determination (POD) of Low Earth Orbiting (LEO) Satellites, like Formoasat-3, Camp, or Jason-1-/Topex-Poseidon satellites and ISS, are suggested to be possible, if these readings are taken into directions without any Earth-Solar orbital lightspeed influence.
A: for signals not directed into the Earth surface: Above 21 degrees above the horizontal-Earth line for Formosat-3 and Champ (both at about the same height) and Above 34 degrees for Jason-Topex satellites (cruising at higher levels) see figure B3.
OR;
B: if the orbital speed has no influence; GPS-readings taken perpendicular to the axis of orbital motion of the Earth round the Sun.
Outside these areas, the “Earth gravitational drag effect” should be incorporated into the GPS-reading calculations. This should be the case e.g. for so called LEO “GPS-occultations” skimming the Earth atmosphere. se also fig 5.3.

Leo Vuyk.